To paint a good painting, there are many basic configurations: picture carriers, drawing boards, oil pots, oil, oil paints, brushes, substrates, scrapers, picture frames, waste newspapers/toilet paper.
Oil painting as a complete system of painting, first served the family life, social life and political life of the new aristocracy after the fall of the feudal system, mainly portraits or plot portraits. The great Raphael is famous for his idealized easel portraits. This period also produced outstanding court painters, such as Holbain. Later, the theme of this painting gradually focused on mythology, religion, war, city customs, realistic mood and so on. Later, it focused on hierarchy, vocabulary and structural symbols, forming the most colorful Kingdom on the map of human civilization. The long-term prosperity of oil painting can not be separated from its material basis - the material of Modern & Contemporary Canvas Art. This must start from the material basis of the whole painting.
Giotto's Danpella undertone is painted in green, covered with "three colors" and bound with sheepskin glue. The polishing oil is very thick, boiled into half the original soft, and rubbed on the dry painting by hand.
Greco (Spain) got Van Eyck's recipe in Rome. He added a small amount of beeswax to the medium.
Raphael's technique of painting on the shelf: first, using lime as the base; second, using dark sketches under the dry base; third, applying a layer of lime while wet with green; fourth, brushing a layer of varnish after the bottom is dry, and then using a medium like Van Eyck's invention to paint, the strokes are more obvious.
Rubens's technique: the first step is to draw vivid lines; the second step is to use medium oil to tone the color; the third step is to recreate the outline with intermediate color while wet and deep, bright and thick, dark half-permeable oily base.
Rubens copied Titian's and Velasquez's paintings in his own way, and did not seek to be similar. His "one-off" painting is a pure direct painting, which means that oil colors are superimposed on wet layers. Rubens was the second master of oil painting to get rid of the bottom layer of Danpella and synchronize sketch with color. Who is the first one? As mentioned earlier, Titian. Pure oil painters like them don't like to resort to detailed sketches at all. So from the technical point of view alone, Van Eyck can only be regarded as a painter, but his "imagination and modelling ability" is far more than the general painter. In short, the concept and techniques of painters like Van Eyck should be separated, which is related to the fate of oil painting judgment.
Colo doesn't use Danpella to paint the undertone, but his technique is obviously not a one-stop, direct painting. At the same time, his techniques are extremely rich, often rely on the background color to cover, sometimes by brush dry brush brush brush brush brush to reveal the background color; sometimes it may be light dimming oil thin cover dyeing; sometimes it is just a branch or something to leave the bottom color, make it clever, everything is planned in advance that make it methodical.
Oil painting has gradually become the main way of painting in the history of painting. The main existing paintings are oil paintings. With the development of time, oil painting has gradually become a life style. I want to learn more about oil painting and have more knowledge waiting for you to discover.